September 30, 2020
- Google’s recent $310 million settlement includes more than 80 updates or changes to its handling of sexual misconduct, discrimination and retaliation cases, the settlement filing shows.
- The company’s settlement terms target policy gaps that executives were allegedly able to exploit.
- The parties hoped the settlement would also act as a progressive bellwether for Silicon Valley, whose problematic handling of misconduct by executives surfaced amid the #MeToo movement.
Google parent company Alphabet has agreed to more than 80 updates or changes to its policies and procedures around sexual misconduct and harassment as part of an extensive legal settlement. The overhaul is meant to fill gaps that executives allegedly exploited to engage in sexual misconduct or harassment, and to serve as an example for other Silicon Valley tech companies.
The settlement, which includes $310 million devoted to new diversity, equality and inclusion measures, comes after a group of shareholders accused the leadership team of mishandling employee complaints of sexual misconduct and discrimination. If the settlement is approved by a judge, it will be the largest such commitment among tech companies, beating Intel’s $300 million diversity pledge it made in 2015.
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The filing shows structural gaps executives with power were allegedly able to exploit, as well as existing policies they allegedly bypassed.
“The excuse has always been that these were just a few bad apples,” said Julie Goldsmith Reiser, a lawyer for the plaintiffs, referring to Google’s defense and as well as the broader Silicon Valley. “This is the first time they’re saying in detail ‘it’s bigger than that and we aren’t going to allow this.’”
NDAs, arbitration and mandatory training
The parties wanted to use the settlement as an opportunity not only for Google to meet basic structural demands, but also to set a tone for the tech industry, which has been among the industries most plagued by transgressions and power differences during the #MeToo era, according to documents and conversations with the plaintiffs’ attorneys.
Over the last two years, Silicon Valley employees complaining of power differentials have spurred mass events and bad press for companies — the largest being the 2018 Google walkout, in which more than 20,000 Google employees walked out of offices worldwide to protest multimillion-dollar payouts to executives accused of sexual misconduct or harassment as they left the company.
One of the most significant terms in the settlement is limiting the use of nondisclosure agreements for Google employees, which had been a point of contention among employees in discrimination and harassment cases at Google and beyond.
Companies originally used NDAs to protect trade secrets, but they’ve gradually expanded to cover a blanket of topics, including workplace conditions, which critics say silences victims and enables perpetrators. Under the settlement terms, workers can now discuss facts of cases related to harassment or discrimination. In addition, employees can now bring someone with them when they report complaints as support and to bear witness to the conversations.
The company also agreed to make arbitration — a practice that prevents employees from taking cases to court and has been criticized for suppressing victims’ testimonies — optional for all Alphabet workers, including contractors and employees at the company’s “Other Bets” divisions like Waymo self-driving cars. Following the 2018 walkout, the company said it would end forced arbitration, but the provision only applied to full employees at Google.
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HR policies were ignored or bypassed
While executives couldn’t be held responsible for nonexistent policies, the filings also expose the ways in which executives allegedly exploited gaps and bypassed some existing company policies. The litigation and internal leadership boards reviewed more than 1,600 internal documents that included board packages, communications, meeting agendas and minutes, and existing policies, the filings show.
“We found that Google’s human resources department actually had some capable, smart processes and people in place but the powerful people didn’t feel the need to adhere to HR,” Reiser said.
The Alphabet leadership team “improperly” approved large payments to executives including a $90 million severance package to Android co-founder Andy Rubin and $45 million to Amit Singhal after allegedly finding credible misconduct allegations, the filing states. Google agreed to require more layers of approval for actions related to executives involved in misconduct allegations, including creating oversight for the compensation committee, which approved Rubin’s and Singhal’s payouts, the filing said.
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